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Untangled monotonic chains and adaptive range search

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  • Diego Arroyuelo
  • Francisco Claude
  • Reza Dorrigiv
  • Stephane Durocher
  • Meng He
  • Alejandro López-Ortiz
  • J. Ian Munro
  • Patrick K. Nicholson
  • Alejandro Salinger
  • Matthew Skala

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We present the first adaptive data structure for two-dimensional orthogonal range search. Our data structure is adaptive in the sense that it gives improved search performance for data that is better than the worst case~teDemaine:Adaptive; in this case, data with more inherent sortedness. Given $n$ points on the plane, the linear-space data structure can answer range queries in $O(n+k+m)$ time, where $m$ is the number of points in the output and $k$ is the minimum number of monotonic chains into which the point set can be decomposed, which is $O(n)$ in the worst case. Our result matches the worst-case performance of other optimal-time linear-space data structures, or surpasses them when $k=o(n)$. Our data structure can be made implicit, requiring no extra space beyond that of the data points themselves~teMunro:Implicit, in which case the query time becomes $O(k log n + m)$. We also present a novel algorithm of independent interest to decompose a point set into a minimum number of untangled, similarly directed monotonic chains in $O(k^2n+n log n)$ time.
Original languageEnglish
JournalTheoretical Computer Science
Volume412
Issue number32
Pages (from-to)4200-4211
Number of pages12
ISSN0304-3975
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes

ID: 78730056