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Succinct Data Structures for Retrieval and Approximate Membership

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The retrieval problem is the problem of associating data with keys in a set. Formally, the data structure must store a function that has specified values on the elements of a given set S ⊆ U, |S| = n, but may have any value on elements outside S. All known methods (e. g. those based on perfect hash functions), induce a space overhead of Θ(n) bits over the optimum, regardless of the evaluation time. We show that for any k, query time O(k) can be achieved using space that is within a factor 1 + e − k of optimal, asymptotically for large n. The time to construct the data structure is O(n), expected. If we allow logarithmic evaluation time, the additive overhead can be reduced to O(loglogn) bits whp. A general reduction transfers the results on retrieval into analogous results on approximate membership, a problem traditionally addressed using Bloom filters. Thus we obtain space bounds arbitrarily close to the lower bound for this problem as well. The evaluation procedures of our data structures are extremely simple. For the results stated above we assume free access to fully random hash functions. This assumption can be justified using space o(n) to simulate full randomness on a RAM.
Original languageEnglish
Book seriesLecture Notes in Computer Science
Pages (from-to)385-396
Number of pages12
ISSN0302-9743
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008
EventICALP 2008 35th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages and Programming - Reykjavik, Iceland
Duration: 6 Jul 200813 Jul 2008
Conference number: 35

Conference

ConferenceICALP 2008 35th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages and Programming
Number35
CountryIceland
CityReykjavik
Period06/07/200813/07/2008

ID: 265524