ITU

Are Loot Boxes Gambling? Random Reward Mechanisms in Video Games

Research output: Journal Article or Conference Article in JournalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Are Loot Boxes Gambling? Random Reward Mechanisms in Video Games. / Nielsen, Rune Kristian Lundedal; Grabarczyk, Pawel.

In: Transactions of the Digital Games Research Association, Vol. 4, 6, 06.2019, p. 171-207.

Research output: Journal Article or Conference Article in JournalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

APA

Vancouver

Author

Bibtex

@article{01077f79d8604c26aacc28635fadd2db,
title = "Are Loot Boxes Gambling?: Random Reward Mechanisms in Video Games",
abstract = "In this paper we investigate the phenomenon colloquially known as “loot boxes”. Loot boxes became a hot topic towards the end of 2017 when several legislative bodies proposed that they were essentially gambling mechanisms and should therefore be legislated as such. We argue that the term “loot box” and thephenomena it covers are not sufficiently precise for academic use, and instead introduce the notion of “random reward mechanisms” (RRMs). We offer a categorization of RRMs, which distinguishes between RRMs that are either “isolated” from real-world economies or “embedded” in them. This distinction will be useful in discussions about loot boxes in general, but specifically when itcomes to the question of whether or not they represent instances of gambling. We argue that all classes of RRMs have gambling-like features, and may be problematic in different ways, but that only one class can be considered to be genuine gambling.",
author = "Nielsen, {Rune Kristian Lundedal} and Pawel Grabarczyk",
year = "2019",
month = jun
language = "English",
volume = "4",
pages = "171--207",
journal = "Transactions of the Digital Games Research Association",
issn = "2328-9422",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Are Loot Boxes Gambling?

T2 - Random Reward Mechanisms in Video Games

AU - Nielsen, Rune Kristian Lundedal

AU - Grabarczyk, Pawel

PY - 2019/6

Y1 - 2019/6

N2 - In this paper we investigate the phenomenon colloquially known as “loot boxes”. Loot boxes became a hot topic towards the end of 2017 when several legislative bodies proposed that they were essentially gambling mechanisms and should therefore be legislated as such. We argue that the term “loot box” and thephenomena it covers are not sufficiently precise for academic use, and instead introduce the notion of “random reward mechanisms” (RRMs). We offer a categorization of RRMs, which distinguishes between RRMs that are either “isolated” from real-world economies or “embedded” in them. This distinction will be useful in discussions about loot boxes in general, but specifically when itcomes to the question of whether or not they represent instances of gambling. We argue that all classes of RRMs have gambling-like features, and may be problematic in different ways, but that only one class can be considered to be genuine gambling.

AB - In this paper we investigate the phenomenon colloquially known as “loot boxes”. Loot boxes became a hot topic towards the end of 2017 when several legislative bodies proposed that they were essentially gambling mechanisms and should therefore be legislated as such. We argue that the term “loot box” and thephenomena it covers are not sufficiently precise for academic use, and instead introduce the notion of “random reward mechanisms” (RRMs). We offer a categorization of RRMs, which distinguishes between RRMs that are either “isolated” from real-world economies or “embedded” in them. This distinction will be useful in discussions about loot boxes in general, but specifically when itcomes to the question of whether or not they represent instances of gambling. We argue that all classes of RRMs have gambling-like features, and may be problematic in different ways, but that only one class can be considered to be genuine gambling.

M3 - Journal article

VL - 4

SP - 171

EP - 207

JO - Transactions of the Digital Games Research Association

JF - Transactions of the Digital Games Research Association

SN - 2328-9422

M1 - 6

ER -

ID: 84838624