Human-centred methods in the design of an e-health solution for patients undergoing weight loss treatment

Anita Das, Dag Svanæs

Publikation: Artikel i tidsskrift og konference artikel i tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Abstrakt

Background and objective

Patients undergoing weight loss treatment require follow-up as part of the treatment process. E-health solutions may be used for this purpose. We have used an iterative design approach to develop a patient-centred e-health solution for patients undergoing weight loss treatment. Our objective is to describe and report on the design process and suggest implications for human-centred design of such systems.

Methods

Human-centred design methods were assessed as part of the design process. The process involved a field study to gain domain knowledge, followed by needs assessment through a series of participatory design workshops, and system evaluation through a workshop and a number of usability tests before system implementation.

Results

By using an iterative design approach and by involving patients and healthcare professionals throughout the process, letting them hold the roles as informants, design partners, testers and users, we could reveal important aspects throughout the design process that are crucial for system realization and user acceptance. We found that weight loss patients are vulnerable, requiring that designers take special care when involving them in the design process. Our findings imply that involving stakeholders separately during specific human-centred activities is important in order to capture subtle, but critical aspects of the users’ requirements.

Conclusion

Applying human-centred methods in the design of e-health solutions requires that designers must take particular considerations when patients and healthcare professionals are involved in the design process.

Keywords
E-health; Participatory design; User-centred design; Obesity; Weight loss treatment
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftInternational Journal of Medical Informatics
Vol/bind82
Udgave nummer11
Sider (fra-til)1075-1091
Antal sider17
ISSN1386-5056
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2013

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