Helping Crisis Responders Find the Informative Needle in the Tweet Haystack

Leon Derczynski, Kenny Meesters, Diana Maynard, Kalina Bontcheva

Publikation: Konference artikel i Proceeding eller bog/rapport kapitelKonferencebidrag i proceedingsForskningpeer review

Abstrakt

Crisis responders are increasingly using social media, data and other digital sources of information to build a situational understanding of a crisis situation in order to design an effective response. However with the increased availability of such data, the challenge of identifying relevant information from it also increases. This paper presents a successful automatic approach to handling this problem. Messages are filtered for informativeness based on a definition of the concept drawn from prior research and crisis response experts. Informative messages are tagged for actionable data -- for example, people in need, threats to rescue efforts, changes in environment, and so on. In all, eight categories of actionability are identified. The two components -- informativeness and actionability classification -- are packaged together as an openly-available tool called Emina (Emergent Informativeness and Actionability).
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TitelProceedings of the 15th ISCRAM Conference
UdgivelsesstedRochester, NY (USA)
ForlagRIT Scholar Works / Rochester Institute of Technology
Publikationsdato2018
ISBN (Elektronisk)978-0-692-12760-5
StatusUdgivet - 2018
Udgivet eksterntJa

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