The role of local dimensionality measures in benchmarking nearest neighbor search

Martin Aumüller, Matteo Ceccarello

Research output: Journal Article or Conference Article in JournalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


This paper reconsiders common benchmarking approaches to nearest neighbor search. It is shown that the concepts of local intrinsic dimensionality (LID), local relative contrast (RC), and query expansion allow to choose query sets of a wide range of difficulty for real-world datasets. Moreover, the effect of the distribution of these dimensionality measures on the running time performance of implementations is empirically studied. To this end, different visualization concepts are introduced that allow to get a more fine-grained overview of the inner workings of nearest neighbor search principles. Interactive visualizations are available on the companion website.1 The paper closes with remarks about the diversity of datasets commonly used for nearest neighbor search benchmarking. It is shown that such real-world datasets are not diverse: results on a single dataset predict results on all other datasets well.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInformation Systems
Publication statusPublished - 2021


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