Robophony: A new voice in the soundscape

David Kadish

Research output: Conference Article in Proceeding or Book/Report chapterArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review


Soundscape studies typically distinguish between three sources of sound: biophony, sounds produced by animals, plants, and other biological entities; geophony, sounds produced by non-living features such as water or wind; and anthrophony, sounds produced by humans and human technology. Recent developments in the study of hybrid ecosystems and ecological robotics challenge these categorizations. A series of four soundscape interventions are considered, which lead to the proposal of a new category: robophony. These interventions — robots and autonomous digital agents — operate in feedback loops with the existing bio-, geo-, and anthrophony in the ecosystem. The properties that emerge from these cases: site specificity, hybrid sourcing, and layered temporality form the basis of this new category of sound in the soundscape.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of RE:SOUND 2019
Number of pages10
PublisherBritish Computer Society
Publication dateMay 2020
Article number243
Publication statusPublished - May 2020


  • Soundscape Studies
  • Biophony
  • Geophony
  • Anthrophony
  • Robophony
  • Hybrid Ecosystems
  • Ecological Robotics
  • Sound Interventions
  • Site Specificity
  • Layered Temporality


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