Analysis of genetic data opens up many opportunities for medical and scientific advances. The use of phenotypic information and polygenic risk scores to analyze genetic data is widespread. Most work on genetic privacy focuses on basic genetic data such as SNP values and specific genotypes. In this paper, we introduce a novel methodology to quantify and prevent privacy risks by focusing on polygenic scores and phenotypic information. Our methodology is based on the tool-supported privacy risk analysis method Privug. We demonstrate the use of Privug to assess privacy risks posed by disclosing a polygenic trait score for bitter taste receptors, encoded by TAS2R38 and TAS2R16, to a person's privacy in regards to their ethnicity. We provide an extensive privacy risks analysis of different programs for genetic data disclosure: taster phenotype, tasting polygenic score, and a polygenic score distorted with noise. Finally, we discuss the privacy/utility trade-offs of the polygenic score.
|Title of host publication||Privacy with Good Taste: A Case Study in Quantifying Privacy Risks in Genetic Scores|
|Number of pages||16|
|Publication status||Published - 2022|
|Event||International Workshop on Data Privacy Management - Copenhagen, Denmark|
Duration: 29 Sept 2022 → 30 Sept 2022
|Conference||International Workshop on Data Privacy Management|
|Period||29/09/2022 → 30/09/2022|