Platformed antagonism: Racist discourses on fake Muslim Facebook pages

Johan Farkas, Jannick Schou, Christina Neumayer

Research output: Journal Article or Conference Article in JournalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


This research examines how fake identities on social media create and sustain antagonistic and racist discourses. It does so by analysing 11 Danish Facebook pages, disguised as Muslim extremists living in Denmark, conspiring to kill and rape Danish citizens. It explores how anonymous content producers utilize Facebook's socio-technical characteristics to construct, what we propose to term as, platformed antagonism. This term refers to socio-technical and discursive practices that produce new modes of antagonistic relations on social media platforms. Through a discourse-theoretical analysis of posts, images, 'about' sections and user comments on the studied Facebook pages, the article highlights how antagonism between ethno-cultural identities is produced on social media through fictitious social media accounts, prompting thousands of user reactions. These findings enhance our current understanding of how antagonism and racism is constructed and amplified within social media environments.
Original languageEnglish
JournalCritical Discourse Studies
Publication statusPublished - 2018


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