NNOSE: Nearest Neighbor Occupational Skill Extraction

Research output: Conference Article in Proceeding or Book/Report chapterArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review


The labor market is changing rapidly, prompting increased interest in the automatic extraction of occupational skills from text. With the advent of English benchmark job description datasets, there is a need for systems that handle their diversity well. We tackle the complexity in occupational skill datasets tasks---combining and leveraging multiple datasets for skill extraction, to identify rarely observed skills within a dataset, and overcoming the scarcity of skills across datasets. In particular, we investigate the retrieval-augmentation of language models, employing an external datastore for retrieving similar skills in a dataset-unifying manner. Our proposed method, Nearest Neighbor Occupational Skill Extraction (NNOSE) effectively leverages multiple datasets by retrieving neighboring skills from other datasets in the datastore. This improves skill extraction without additional fine-tuning. Crucially, we observe a performance gain in predicting infrequent patterns, with substantial gains of up to 30% span-F1 in cross-dataset settings.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe 18th Conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics
PublisherAssociation for Computational Linguistics
Publication dateMar 2024
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2024


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