Metagames: On the ontology of games outside of games

Michael S. Debus

Research output: Conference Article in Proceeding or Book/Report chapterArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review


The term metagame has developed into a conflation of many concepts. This paper disentangles the uses of it through a review of related Game Studies literature. After the distinction of five metagame categories (added, material, social, strategy, rule), the ontology of rule metagames and its implications for future research is discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 12th International Conference on the Foundations of Digital Games : FDG '17
Number of pages9
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery
Publication dateAug 2017
Article number18
ISBN (Print)978-1-4503-5319-9
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2017
SeriesFoundations of Digital Games Conference Proceedings


  • Metagame
  • Ontology
  • Theorycrafting
  • Rules
  • Classification


Dive into the research topics of 'Metagames: On the ontology of games outside of games'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this