Genre as Weak Supervision for Cross-lingual Dependency Parsing

Research output: Conference Article in Proceeding or Book/Report chapterArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review


Recent work has shown that monolingual masked language models learn to represent data-driven notions of language variation which can be used for domain-targeted training data selection. Dataset genre labels are already frequently available, yet remain largely unexplored in cross-lingual setups. We harness this genre metadata as a weak supervision signal for targeted data selection in zero-shot dependency parsing. Specifically, we project treebank-level genre information to the finer-grained sentence level, with the goal to amplify information implicitly stored in unsupervised contextualized representations. We demonstrate that genre is recoverable from multilingual contextual embeddings and that it provides an effective signal for training data selection in cross-lingual, zero-shot scenarios. For 12 low-resource language treebanks, six of which are test-only, our genre-specific methods significantly outperform competitive baselines as well as recent embedding-based methods for data selection. Moreover, genre-based data selection provides new state-of-the-art results for three of these target languages.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2021 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing
Place of PublicationOnline and Punta Cana, Dominican Republic
PublisherAssociation for Computational Linguistics
Publication dateNov 2021
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2021
EventThe 2021 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing - Punta Cana, Dominican Republic
Duration: 7 Nov 202112 Nov 2021


ConferenceThe 2021 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing
Country/TerritoryDominican Republic
CityPunta Cana
Internet address


  • Monolingual masked language models
  • Language variation
  • Domain-targeted training data selection
  • Genre metadata
  • Zero-shot dependency parsing
  • Cross-lingual setups
  • Multilingual contextual embeddings
  • Low-resource languages
  • Treebank-level genre information
  • Unsupervised contextualized representations


Dive into the research topics of 'Genre as Weak Supervision for Cross-lingual Dependency Parsing'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this