Designing a Cross-organizational Case Management System using Dynamic Condition Response Graphs

Thomas Hildebrandt, Raghava Rao Mukkamala, Tijs Slaats

Research output: Journal Article or Conference Article in JournalConference articleResearchpeer-review


We present a case study of the use of Dynamic Con- dition Response (DCR) Graphs, a recently introduced declarative business process model, in the design of a cross-organizational case management system being developed by Exformatics A/S, a danish provider of knowledge and workflow management systems. We show how DCR Graphs allow to capture directly both the behavioral constraints identified during meetings with the customer and the operational execution as markings of the graph. In comparison, imperative models such as BPMN, Petri Net, UML Sequence or Activity diagrams are only good at describing the operational way to fulfill the constraints, leaving the constraints implicit. In particular, we point out that the BPMN ad-hoc sub process activity, intended to support more loosely structured goal driven ad-hoc processes, is inconsistently described in the final version of the BPMN 2.0 standard. The case study motivated an extension of the DCR Graphs model to nested graphs and the development of graphical design and simulation tools to increase the understanding of the models. The study also revealed a number of challenges for future research in techniques for model-driven design of cross-organizational process-aware information systems combining declarative and imperative models.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Enterprise Distributed Object Computing Conference. Proceedings
Pages (from-to)161-170
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Event15th IEEE International EDOC Conference 2011: EDOC 2011 - Helsinki, Finland
Duration: 29 Aug 20112 Sept 2011


Conference15th IEEE International EDOC Conference 2011
SponsorIEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Internet address


  • Dynamic Condition Response (DCR) Graphs
  • Declarative Business Process Model
  • Cross-Organizational Case Management
  • Behavioral Constraints
  • Model-Driven Design


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