Cloaked Facebook pages: Exploring fake Islamist propaganda in social media

Johan Dam Farkas, Jannick Schou, Christina Neumayer

Research output: Journal Article or Conference Article in JournalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


This research analyses cloaked Facebook pages that are created to spread political propaganda by cloaking a user profile and imitating the identity of a political opponent in order to spark hateful and aggressive reactions. This inquiry is pursued through a multi-sited online ethnographic case study of Danish Facebook pages disguised as radical Islamist pages, which provoked racist and anti-Muslim reactions as well as negative sentiments towards refugees and immigrants in Denmark in general. Drawing on Jessie Daniels’ critical insights into cloaked websites, this research furthermore analyses the epistemological, methodological and conceptual challenges of online propaganda. It enhances our understanding of disinformation and propaganda in an increasingly interactive social media environment and contributes to a critical inquiry into social media and subversive politics.
Original languageEnglish
JournalNew Media & Society
Pages (from-to)1-18
Number of pages18
Publication statusPublished - 19 May 2017


  • Cloaked
  • Denmark
  • disinformation
  • Facebook
  • hate speech
  • Islamophobia
  • propaganda
  • racism
  • social media
  • social network sites


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