Circular Business Model for Digital Health Solutions: Protocol for a Scoping Review

Camille Rønn, Andreas Wieland, Christiane Lehrer, Attila Marton, Jason LaRoche, Adrien Specker, Pascal Leroy, Daniel Fürstenau

Research output: Journal Article or Conference Article in JournalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


The circular economy reshapes the linear “take, make, and dispose” approach and evolves around minimizing waste and recapturing resources in a closed-loop system. The health sector accounts for 4.6% of global greenhouse gas emissions and has, over the decades, been built to rely on single-use devices and deal with high volumes of medical waste. With the increase in the adoption of digital health solutions in the health care industry, leading the industry into a new paradigm of how we provide health care, a focus must be put on the amount of waste that will follow. Digital health solutions will shape health care through the use of technology and lead to improved patient care, but they will also make medical waste more complex to deal with due to the e-waste component. Therefore, a transformation of the health care industry to a circular economy is a crucial cornerstone in decreasing the impact on the environment.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJMIR Research Protocols
Publication statusPublished - 24 Nov 2023


  • Circularity
  • digital health
  • business models


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