Aiming for the quiet eye in biathlon

Dan Witzner Hansen, Amelie Heinrich, Rouwen Cañal-Bruland

Research output: Conference Article in Proceeding or Book/Report chapterArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review


The duration of the so-called "Quiet Eye" (QE) - the final fixation before the initiation of a critical movement - seems to be linked to better perceptual-motor performances in various domains. For instance, experts show longer QE durations when compared to their less skilled counterparts. The aim of this paper was to replicate and extend previous work on the QE [Vickers and Williams 2007] in elite biathletes in an ecologically valid environment. Specifically, we tested whether longer QE durations result in higher shooting accuracy. To this end, we developed a gun-mounted eye tracker as a means to obtain reliable gaze data without interfering with the athletes' performance routines. During regular training protocols we collected gaze and performance data of 9 members (age 19.8 ± 0.45) of the German national junior team. The results did not show a significant effect of QE duration on shooting performance. Based on our findings, we critically discuss various conceptual as well as methodological issues with the QE literature that need to be aligned in future research to resolve current inconsistencies.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationETRA '19: Proceedings of the 11th ACM Symposium on Eye Tracking Research & Applications
Number of pages8
Place of PublicationEuropean Conference on Eye Movements
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery
Publication date2019
Article number10
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-4503-6709-7
Publication statusPublished - 2019


Dive into the research topics of 'Aiming for the quiet eye in biathlon'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this