A Survey of Trusted Computing Solutions Using FPGAs

Paul Rosero, Zsolt István, Wilmar Hernandez

Research output: Journal Article or Conference Article in JournalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


Ensuring the security and privacy of computation and data management in the cloud and edge is an ever-important requirement. There are several working solutions today for trusted computing with general purpose processors, for instance, Intel SGX and ARM TrustZone. However, with the widespread commercial adoption of specialized hardware accelerators in the cloud and at the edge, most importantly FPGAs, two questions emerge: 1) How secure are they against threats? and 2) How could FPGAs be utilized for more efficient trusted computing? In this survey, we investigate these two questions precisely. Even though there have been numerous surveys in the past on the security of FPGAs, we believe it is timely to study the space of related work again, given the large number of data-centric applications aimed at targeting trusted execution environments that have recently appeared. Therefore, in addition to presenting an overview of state of the art, we also highlight some opportunities for FPGAs in the context of providing efficient trusted computation.
Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEE Access
Publication statusPublished - 24 Mar 2023


  • Cloud computing
  • security
  • Field programmable gate arrays
  • trusted computing


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