15 years of protest and media technologies scholarship: A sociotechnical timeline

Christina Neumayer, Luca Rossi

Research output: Journal Article or Conference Article in JournalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


This article investigates the relationship between the invention of new media technologies and scholarship concerning protest and political engagement. Building on an innovative approach that moves beyond a systematic literature review, this article contributes to our understanding of scholarship concerning digital communication technologies and how they may have been adopted and shaped protest movements and political engagement. Based on visualisations, we draw a sociotechnical timeline of protest and media technology scholarship within three dimensions: Technological development, methods and techniques, and the social phenomena under investigation. The article concludes by identifying major trends in protest and media technologies scholarship over the past 15 years. The sociotechnical timeline enhances our understanding of academic discourse at the intersection of protest and media technologies by highlighting shortcomings and potential for future research.
Original languageEnglish
JournalSocial Media + Society
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 14 Sept 2016


  • collective action
  • protest
  • visualisation
  • timeline
  • academic discourse
  • media technologies


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