Much of the recent success in NLP is due to the large Transformer-based models such as BERT (Devlin et al, 2019). However, these models have been shown to be reducible to a smaller number of self-attention heads and layers. We consider this phenomenon from the perspective of the lottery ticket hypothesis. For fine-tuned BERT, we show that (a) it is possible to find a subnetwork of elements that achieves performance comparable with that of the full model, and (b) similarly-sized subnetworks sampled from the rest of the model perform worse. However, the "bad" subnetworks can be fine-tuned separately to achieve only slightly worse performance than the "good" ones, indicating that most weights in the pre-trained BERT are potentially useful. We also show that the "good" subnetworks vary considerably across GLUE tasks, opening up the possibilities to learn what knowledge BERT actually uses at inference time.
|Titel||Proceedings of EMNLP|
|Forlag||Association for Computational Linguistics|
|Publikationsdato||1 nov. 2020|
|Status||Udgivet - 1 nov. 2020|