TY - JOUR

T1 - Rotationally optimal spanning and Steiner trees in uniform orientation metrics

AU - Brazil, Marcus

AU - Nielsen, Benny Kjær

AU - Winter, Pawel

AU - Zachariasen, Martin

PY - 2004

Y1 - 2004

N2 - We consider the problem of finding a minimum spanning and Steiner tree for a set of n points in the plane where the orientations of edge segments are restricted to λ uniformly distributed orientations, λ=2,3,4,… , and where the coordinate system can be rotated around the origin by an arbitrary angle. The most important cases with applications in VLSI design arise when λ=2 or λ=4. In the former, so-called rectilinear case, the edge segments have to be parallel to one of the coordinate axes, and in the latter, so-called octilinear case, the edge segments have to be parallel to one of the coordinate axes or to one of the lines making 45° with the coordinate axes (so-called diagonals). As the coordinate system is rotated—while the points remain stationary—the length and indeed the topology of the minimum spanning or Steiner tree changes. We suggest a straightforward polynomial-time algorithm to solve the rotational minimum spanning tree problem. We also give a simple algorithm to solve the rectilinear Steiner tree problem in the rotational setting, and a finite time algorithm for the general Steiner tree problem with λ uniform orientations. Finally, we provide some computational results indicating the average savings for different values of n and λ both for spanning and Steiner trees.

AB - We consider the problem of finding a minimum spanning and Steiner tree for a set of n points in the plane where the orientations of edge segments are restricted to λ uniformly distributed orientations, λ=2,3,4,… , and where the coordinate system can be rotated around the origin by an arbitrary angle. The most important cases with applications in VLSI design arise when λ=2 or λ=4. In the former, so-called rectilinear case, the edge segments have to be parallel to one of the coordinate axes, and in the latter, so-called octilinear case, the edge segments have to be parallel to one of the coordinate axes or to one of the lines making 45° with the coordinate axes (so-called diagonals). As the coordinate system is rotated—while the points remain stationary—the length and indeed the topology of the minimum spanning or Steiner tree changes. We suggest a straightforward polynomial-time algorithm to solve the rotational minimum spanning tree problem. We also give a simple algorithm to solve the rectilinear Steiner tree problem in the rotational setting, and a finite time algorithm for the general Steiner tree problem with λ uniform orientations. Finally, we provide some computational results indicating the average savings for different values of n and λ both for spanning and Steiner trees.

KW - Steiner trees in uniform orientation metrics

KW - Rotational problems

KW - VLSI design

KW - Steiner trees in uniform orientation metrics

KW - Rotational problems

KW - VLSI design

M3 - Journal article

SN - 0925-7721

SP - 251

EP - 263

JO - Computational Geometry

JF - Computational Geometry

ER -