TY - JOUR

T1 - Robust Nonparametric Simplification of Polygonal Chains

AU - Durocher, Stephane

AU - Leblanc, Alexandre

AU - Morrison, Jason

AU - Skala, Matthew

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - In this paper we present a novel nonparametric method for simplifying piecewise linear curves and we apply this method as a statistical approximation of structure within sequential data in the plane. Specifically, given a sequence P of n points in the plane that determine a simple polygonal chain consisting of n-1 segments, we describe algorithms for selecting a subsequence Q subset of P (including the first and last points of P) that determines a second polygonal chain to approximate P, such that the number of crossings between the two polygonal chains is maximized, and the cardinality of Q is minimized among all such maximizing subsets of P. Our algorithms have respective running times O(n(2) log n) (respectively, O(n(2) root log n))when P is monotonic and O(n(2) log(2) n) (respectively, O(n(2) log(4/3) n)) when P is any simple polygonal chain in the Real RAM model (respectively, in the Word RAM model).

AB - In this paper we present a novel nonparametric method for simplifying piecewise linear curves and we apply this method as a statistical approximation of structure within sequential data in the plane. Specifically, given a sequence P of n points in the plane that determine a simple polygonal chain consisting of n-1 segments, we describe algorithms for selecting a subsequence Q subset of P (including the first and last points of P) that determines a second polygonal chain to approximate P, such that the number of crossings between the two polygonal chains is maximized, and the cardinality of Q is minimized among all such maximizing subsets of P. Our algorithms have respective running times O(n(2) log n) (respectively, O(n(2) root log n))when P is monotonic and O(n(2) log(2) n) (respectively, O(n(2) log(4/3) n)) when P is any simple polygonal chain in the Real RAM model (respectively, in the Word RAM model).

KW - Polygonal line approximation

KW - robust simplification

KW - nonparametric methods

M3 - Journal article

SN - 0218-1959

VL - 23

JO - International Journal of Computational Geometry and Applications

JF - International Journal of Computational Geometry and Applications

IS - 6

ER -